The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology has published the second batch of national industrial heritage lists. Tonglushan Copper Mine Site in Daye City, Hubei Province is on the list.
In order to promote the protection and utilization of industrial heritage, the list of the second batch of national industrial heritage has been determined through the procedures of independent application by the owner of industrial heritage, recommendation by relevant provincial and municipal industrial and information authorities, relevant central enterprises, expert evaluation and online publicity. There are 42 industrial heritage selected in the whole country, Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine. The site is the only selected industrial heritage project in Hubei Province.
The list of the first batch of national industrial heritage in 2017 totaled 13 items, of which two items were selected in Hubei Province, namely Daye Iron Works and Hanyang Iron Works. Why is the Tonglushan Copper Mine Site selected this year? Pull the time axis a little longer, and you will find that it's amazing! uuuuuuuuuuu The excavation of Tonglushan ancient copper mine site was listed as one of the "ten archaeological discoveries in China" in the same year and was praised as the "ninth wonder of the world" at that time.
Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site, located in Jinhu Street Office, Huangshi Daye City, Hubei Province, was discovered in 1973. Archaeologists excavated the site for 11 years from 1974 to 1985.
It is known that this is an ancient mining and smelting site with mining sites and smelting sites as the core. The mining and smelting age began in Shang Dynasty and lasted for more than a thousand years from the Western Zhou Dynasty, the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period to the Han Dynasty.
Some international experts in metallurgical history, such as Professor Smith of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who came here in 1980, believed that this could not be seen anywhere else in the world. The discovery and excavation of Tonglushan ancient copper mine site is also a major event in the world metallurgical history. Zhou Baoquan, former curator of Huangshi Museum
In 1994, Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site was listed in the Preparatory List of World Cultural Heritage Sites of China.
In 2001, Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site was appraised as one of the 100 archaeological discoveries of the 20th century in China.
On August 23, 2005, Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site was named National Mine Park by the Ministry of Land and Resources.
On October 15, 2012, the Chinese Association of Science and Technology awarded the Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site Protection and Management Committee as the "National Science Popularization Education Base".
On October 22, 2012, Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site returned to the Preparatory List of World Cultural Heritage Sites of China.
In 2013, the Tonglushan Ancient Copper Mine Site was listed as 150 sites in the 12th Five-Year Plan.
The second excavation of Tonglushan ancient copper mine site in 2016 was named as the top ten new archaeological discoveries in the country in 2015.
In August 2016, Jinis of Shanghai held the most award ceremony at Tonglushan Copper Mine site, awarding Tonglushan Mine the longest continuous production period of copper mining enterprises.
The important value of Tonglushan ancient copper mine site has left valuable spiritual wealth to people besides abundant material remains. Researchers found that after Chu occupied Tonglushan, the pioneering and enterprising style of Chu people has been vividly reflected in Tonglushan. The spirit of diligence, wisdom, perseverance and pioneering spirit shown by our ancestors has been inspiring miners and working people for generations.
In 1992, a dance drama "Copper Soul", reflecting the spirit of Huangshi Mining and Metallurgy, entered the highest palace of Chinese art and won the Best Performance Award of the Second Wenhua Award. This dance drama, created and performed by Huangshi people, artistically reproduces the primitive life of ancient craftsmen in mining and smelting. The judges were deeply shocked by the indomitable scenes and the power of penetrating space and time. What's more surprising is that the actors on the stage are all front-line miners.
The opening ceremony of the 15th Olympic Games in Hubei Province, "Millennium Fireworks" perfectly interprets the process of ancient copper mining, which is a vivid portrayal of our ancestors'arduous pioneering efforts.
Jingchu's sons and daughters inherit from generation to generation, from history to the future. Protecting these industrial heritage is to protect Hubei's own spiritual wealth.